Obrona obywatelska vs Obrona cywilna

civilian defence

Civilian based defence system: New approach – Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian experience /In Memoriam Gražina Miniotaitė (1948-2013)/ Introduction Triumph of the „Solidarity” movement, breakdown of communism and collapse of the soviet empire than emergence of new states, allowed us for … Continue reading →

Jan Karski – dyplomata w służbie Polsce

Jan Karski

This paper concerns questions which elements of the biography of Jan Karski correspond with patterns useful for contemporary Polish diplomat. Conventional civil service career or patterns and norms  beyond the  practice and routine but to serve another man and Homeland?  … Continue reading →